Technical Definitions

Standards and protocols are technical rules and conventions that enable compatibility and therefore facilitate communication or interoperability between different IT systems and their components. They might govern the design and use of hardware, software, and information. For example, the communication protocols used on the internet, the ASCII representations for characters, or the design of the printer port on a personal computer are all governed by standards

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Definition in Simple English


Standards and Protocols are languages or pieces of code used by machines and devices to interact between each other. The protocols may be a common language that allows communication between the devices, they may be languages for hardware and software to interact, or anything related like that. For example, HTML is an accepted mark-up standard for websites, meaning that they only need to make websites in HTML for all browsers to be able to open and view them.

Definition in Simpleton English

Standards and Protocols are rules or coding styles that allow devices to communicate and work with each other, without any hassle or problems.

Positives of Standards & Protocols

  • Protocols allow all devices to communicate with each other freely and without hassle or problems.
  • Protocols make it easier for clients to buy products and know they will work with each other.
  • Standards make it so that only one client is needed in order to view the content. For example, HTML is the standard for website coding and structure. Thanks to HTML, we only need one browser that can open, view, and interact with all standard websites on the internet.
  • Protocols provide the option for devices created in the past to interact safely and effectively with devices of the future.
  • Protocols and standards provide a lot less hassle in order to allow product interaction.

Negatives of Standards & Protocols

  • Some standards and protocols have been found to be unsafe after implementation, causing user risks and problems with data integrity.
  • Not all companies or devices implement the same protocols, thus causing interactions to be difficult. For example, many computer keyboards are created for Windows or Linux, as those operating systems utilize the ASCII protocol for text and number conversions. Macintosh does not utilize this protocol, therefore making these keyboards not function with Macintosh or making it incredible difficult to get them to work.
  • Some standards and protocols that are implemented are overly complicated or made to support more than is needed. This can cause hassle and confusion with content creators or even with the user.
  • Some companies have policies that go against standards or protocols in order to maintain a closed or private system. Music services such as iTunes do this, in which the music, movies, and other content must remain in the service and may not be used for public or non-supported methods.

Video Explanation of the IP protocol



Relevant News Articles

Since the internet was created for public usage, the same basic secure layer technology was used. Due to the modern creations of the internet, such as online banking or online stores and payments, a new, safer encoding technology was required. Thanks to the new SSL layer two, a safer and more secure method of internet data transfer has been created. It encrypts data more and keeps less information in the packet.
This webpage explains the specification of the most common portable device standard the Universal Serial Bus, or USB for short. It may help you understand why protocols are crucial to data interaction and device interaction on a global scale.
This article explains how the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) works and how it provides a method of transferring any amount of data over the internet in a losless manner, and in a way that it can be utilized by any device. It also explains how it differs from the Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP), which is more effective at transferring small bits of data in a more secure manner over the internet.
This article explains the common communication protocols usually used by computers today as TCP, IP and other mail protocols. It also has a couple of links for more information on these protocols and standards to provide further reading.